Acetone

Acetone is a colourless and highly flammable liquid, most commonly associated with nail polish remover. This substance is a ketone, a group of materials that all have similar molecular makeup consisting of a carbonyl group bound to two other atoms or molecules of any kind. Ketones are a very diverse group and contain a large number of disconnected substances like sugars, pheromones, polymers and solvents. Acetone is a very simple ketone, consisting of a carbonyl and two CH3 molecules.

The material has a wide range of different properties. It is a colourless liquid that both evaporates and auto-combusts at relatively low temperatures. It is heavier than air, so the vapour will move along surfaces rather than float. This makes it especially dangerous as the vapour can move to an ignition source and travel back to the liquid. In addition, it is a solvent, which means is can dissolve other materials, and miscible with water, meaning it will easily mix in any quantity.

Product Name Acetone
CAS#67-64-1
SynonymCetone
Pack SizeNot available
Physical state and appearanceLiquid
ColourClear
OdourCharacteristic
Vapour Pressure [hPa] 20°C 247
Flash point [°C] -19
Final boiling point [°C]ca. 56
Auto-ignition temperature [°C]540
Explosions limits - lower [%]2.1
Explosions limits - upper [%]13.0
Density0.79
Solubility in water [g/100ml]Mixable in all products

Butyl Oxitol

Butyl Oxitol is a colourless, mild smelling liquid with a high boiling point.  It is slightly hygroscopic and miscible with water at room temperature.  At higher temperatures a miscibility gap with water occurs in the system.  Butyl OXITOL is also miscible with numerous oxygenated solvents, as well as with aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons and oils; it has outstanding solvent power for many nature and synthetic resins, nitrocellulose and ethyl cellulose.  Butyl OXITOL forms binary azeotropic mixtures with water and a range of organic substances.

Product Name Butyl Oxitol
CAS#111-76-2 2
SynonymButyl Glycol
Pack SizeNot available
Physical state and appearanceLiquid
ColourColourless
OdourCharacteristic
Vapour Pressure [hPa] 20°C 240°C
Flash point [°C] 65°C
Final boiling point [°C]ca. 56
Auto-ignition temperature [°C]540
Explosions limits - lower [%]1.1
Explosions limits - upper [%]10.6
Density0.9 g/cm3
Solubility in water [g/100ml]1 g/l.

Formaldehyde

Formaldehyde is a chemical compound that is widely used in industrial manufacturing and a number of other industries. Commonly known in the form of formalin, an aqueous solution of formaldehyde that is used as an embalming preservative.

Pure formaldehyde is a colourless gaseous compound, and it is extremely reactive. For this reason, it is often mixed into other chemical compounds to form a stable substance. In addition to being used in things like glues, preservatives, antiseptics, resins, paints, film processing, and embalming, formaldehyde is also abundant in the atmosphere. It is one of the many by-products of combustion, and it is also formed through atmospheric reactions, making it a major component of smog. As a result, it can be a challenge to avoid it.

Product Name Formaldehyde
CAS#50-00-0
SynonymFormalin
Pack SizeNot available
Physical state and appearanceLiquid
ColourClear, Colourless
OdourPungent. Suffocating. (Strong.)
Vapour Pressure [hPa] 20°C 2.4
Flash point [°C] Closed cup: 50°C (122°F). Open cup: 60°C (140°F).
Final boiling point [°C]98 (208.4°F)
Auto-ignition temperature [°C]430 (806°F)
Explosions limits - lower [%]Not available
Explosions limits - upper [%]Not available
Density2.1 g/cm3
Solubility in water [g/100ml]Easily soluble in cold water, hot water. Soluble in diethyl ether, acetone, alcohol.

Isopropyl alcohol

Isopropyl alcohol is a colourless, combustible liquid with a wide variety of uses. It has a wide range of uses in the home and is used in laboratories, in medicine, and in many manufacturing industries. Two of its most popular uses are as a solvent and a cleaning fluid. This alcohol does have some toxic properties, however, so people should be careful when they use it.

Product Name Isopropyl Alcohol
CAS#67-63-0
SynonymPropyl Alcohol
Pack SizeNot available
Physical state and appearanceLiquid
ColourColourless
OdourAlcohol-type odour
Vapour Pressure [hPa] 20°C 32.8 at 68.0 F
Flash point [°C] 55.00F
Final boiling point [°C]179.90F
Auto-ignition temperature [°C]540
Explosions limits - lower [%]2.5
Explosions limits - upper [%]12.1
Density2.1 g/cm3
Solubility in water [g/100ml]No data.

Methanol

Methanol is the simplest alcohol compound, consisting of one carbon atom and three hydrogen atoms arranged as a methyl group (CH3), which is joined to an oxygen and a hydrogen atom in a hydroxyl group (OH), giving the chemical formula CH3OH. It may be referred to as methyl alcohol, wood alcohol, or by the obsolete term carbinol. The compound differs from ethanol — the type of alcohol found in beers, wines and spirits — and is toxic. It is a colourless, tasteless, flammable liquid that is quite volatile and has a slight smell. Methanol is used in many industrial processes, in some types of antifreeze, as a fuel, and in the production of biodiesel.

The compound is widely used as a raw material in the production of other chemicals, particularly formaldehyde, which in turn is used in the production of plastics. It is added to ethanol intended for industrial or household cleaning purposes, as opposed to drinking, to render it undrinkable. This avoids the taxes payable on alcoholic drinks. The resulting product is known as denatured alcohol, or methylated spirit, and typically contains about 10% methanol. Methyl alcohol is also an ingredient in some antifreeze mixtures, in windshield wiper fluid, and is used as a solvent in various paints and varnishes.

Product Name Methanol
CAS#67-56-1
SynonymMethyl Alcohol, Methyl Hydrate, Methyl Wood Spirit
Pack SizeNot available
Physical state and appearanceLiquid
ColourClear
OdourMild characteristic alcohol
Vapour Pressure [hPa] 20°C 12.8
Flash point [°C] Not available
Final boiling point [°C]64.7 at 101.3 kPa
Explosions limits - lower [%]Not available
Explosions limits - upper [%]Not available
Density0.791
Solubility in water [g/100ml]Completely

Mono-Ethylene Glycol

Mono-ethylene glycol – or MEG – is a vital ingredient for the production of polyester fibres and film, polyethylene terephthalate (PET) resins and engine coolants.

End uses for MEG range from clothing and other textiles, through packaging to kitchenware, engine coolants and antifreeze. Polyester and fleece fabrics, upholstery, carpets and pillows, as well as light and sturdy polyethylene terephthalate drink and food containers originate from ethylene glycol. The humectant (water attracting) properties of MEG products also make them ideal for use in fibres treatment, paper, adhesives, printing inks, leather and cellophane.

MEG is a colourless, odourless liquid with a syrup-like consistency. 55% of MEG is used to make polyester fibres. 25% of MEG is used in polyethylene terephthalate – or PET – packaging and bottles.

Monoethylene glycol (MEG) is an important raw material for industrial applications. A primary use of MEG is in the manufacture of polyester (PET) resins, films and fibers. In addition, MEG is important in the production of antifreezes, coolants, aircraft anti-icer and deicers and solvents.

Product Name Ethylene Glycol
CAS#107-21-1
SynonymMEG; Ethylene Glycol; Dihydroxyethane; Ethanediol
Pack SizeNot available
Physical state and appearanceLiquid
ColourColourless
OdourAlmost Odourless
Vapour Pressure [hPa] 20°C 0.07°C
Flash point [°C] 111°C
Final boiling point [°C]ca. 56
Auto-ignition temperature [°C]540
Explosions limits - lower [%]3.15
Density0.9 g/cm3
Solubility in water [g/100ml]Completely

Sodium Metasilicate

Sodium metasilicate is a member of the sodium compound family, according to the International Programme on Chemical Safety. A very basic compound, sodium metasilicate is used in a variety of industrial and household settings. While it is a cleaning and de-rusting solution, it is highly corrosive and should be handled with care.

Identification

Sodium metasilicate is produced by fusing sand with sodium carbonate at very high temperatures, notes the International Programme on Chemical Safety. This produces a clear, white or grayish-white crystal solution. Sodium is a base, and therefore has a high pH level. When interacting with acid, sodium metasilicate will often neutralize that acid.

Uses

Sodium metasilicate is a highly corrosive substance, particularly when water is added. For this reason, it is used in a variety of settings. The compound is found as an ingredient in fireproofing mixtures, household cleaning, insecticides, fungicides and as a bleaching aid. The United States Food and Drug Administration has approved one form of sodium metasilicate, the pentahydrate form, for use in washing vegetables and fruits.

Product Name Sodium Metasillicate
CAS#10213-79-3
SynonymDisodiumtrioxosilicate
Pack SizeNot available
Physical state and appearanceGranules
ColourWhite
OdourOdourless
Vapour Pressure [hPa] 20°C 240°C
Flash point [°C] 65°C
Final boiling point [°C]110
Auto-ignition temperature [°C]540
Explosions limits - lower [%]1.1
Explosions limits - upper [%]10.6
Density0.9 g/cm3
Solubility in water [g/100ml]Complete