Citric Acid

Usually produced in powder form, citric acid is naturally found in citrus fruits. It easily mixes into liquids, making it a valuable acid. Lemons and limes have high concentrations of citric acid, accounting for their bitter taste. Oranges and tangerines are also high in citric acid, though lower than the more bitter citrus fruits.

Citric acid is used as a flavouring in many preparations of Vitamin C, and has a wide variety of other uses. In industry, citric acid can be used to make good “natural” cleaners, though some may still contain chemicals that are not exactly natural. It’s also now commonly used in preparing photographs.

Citric acid bonds easily to minerals and metals, called chelation. It can help to take certain minerals with citric acid, since the body will more easily digest chelated minerals.

Product Name Citric Acid
CAS#77-92-9 (Anhydrous) 5949-29-1 (Monohydrate)
Synonym2- Hydroxy-1, 2, 3- Propanetricarboxylic acid, Monohydrate
Pack SizeNot available
Physical state and appearanceGranules
ColourWhite
OdourOdourless
Vapour Pressure [hPa] 20°C Not applicable
Flash point [°C] Not applicable
Final boiling point [°C]Not applicable
Auto-ignition temperature [°C]1011°C (1852F)
Explosions limits - lower [%]Not determined
Explosions limits - upper [%]Not determined
Density1.542 g/cm3
Solubility in water [g/100ml]60 g/l.; 20C (Anhydrous)

Sulfonic Acid

Product Name Sulfonic Acid
CAS#27176-87-0
SynonymDodecylbenzenesulfonic acid
Pack SizeNot available
Physical state and appearanceLiquid. (Viscous liquid.)
ColourBrown. (Dark.)
OdourPenetrating (Strong.)
Vapour Pressure [hPa] 20°C Not applicable
Flash point [°C] 122 (251.6°F).
Final boiling point [°C]Decomposes
Auto-ignition temperature [°C]Not available
Explosions limits - lower [%]Not determined
Explosions limits - upper [%]Not determined
Density1.542 g/cm3
Solubility in water [g/100ml]Soluble in cold water, methanol

Hydrochloric acid (HCL)

Hydrochloric acid (HCL) is a colourless to pale yellow and highly pungent solution of hydrogen chloride and water. Once commonly referred to as muriatic acid or spirit of salt, this acid is a highly corrosive chemical compound with several applications in industry. It is also found in diluted amounts in the stomach of humans and animals as gastric acid.

Product Name Hydrochloric Acid
CAS#7647-01-0
SynonymHydrogen Chloride; Chlorohydric Acid
Pack SizeNot available
Physical state and appearanceLiquid
ColourColourless to light yellow
OdourIrritating/pungent
Vapour Pressure [hPa] 20°C 14.5
Flash point [°C] Not applicable
Final boiling point [°C]108°C
Auto-ignition temperature [°C]Not available
Explosions limits - lower [%]Not available
Explosions limits - upper [%]Not available
Density1123 kg/cm3
Solubility in water [g/100ml]Complete

Phosphoric Acid

Phosphoric Acid is a colourless, odourless phosphorus-containing inorganic acid. Phosphoric acid is a sequestering agent which binds many divalent cations, including Fe++, Cu++, Ca++, and Mg++. Phosphoric acid is used in dentistry and orthodontics as an etching solution, to clean and roughen the surfaces of teeth where dental appliances or fillings will be placed. In addition, phosphoric acid is a constituent in bone and teeth, and plays a role in many metabolic processes.

Product Name Phosphoric Acid
CAS#7664-38-2
Synonym
Pack SizeNot available
Physical state and appearanceLiquid
ColourColourless
OdourOdourless
Vapour Pressure [hPa] 20°C 5.65-2.16 mmHg
Flash point [°C] Not applicable
Final boiling point [°C]135-138
Auto-ignition temperature [°C]1011°C (1852F)
Explosions limits - lower [%]Not determined
Explosions limits - upper [%]Not determined
Density1.573 g/cm3
Solubility in water [g/100ml]Miscible

Sulphuric Acid

Sulphuric acid is an oily, colourless liquid with no odour. It is a key component in batteries, waste water treatment, ore production, and fertilizer creation. Sixty-five percent of all fertilizers available on the market today are created from a combination of these acid and other chemicals. It is created from inorganic materials through a process that utilizes a special type of chemical reaction.

Product Name Sulphuric Acid
CAS#7664-93-9
Synonym
Pack SizeNot available
Physical state and appearanceLiquid
ColourColourless
OdourOdourless
Vapour Pressure [hPa] 20°C Not determined
Flash point [°C] Not determined
Final boiling point [°C]Not determined
Auto-ignition temperature [°C]Not available
Explosions limits - lower [%]Not available
Explosions limits - upper [%]Not available
DensityNot determined
Solubility in water [g/100ml]Fully Miscible